BIODISEL MANGROVE JENIS NYAMPLUNG (Callophylum inophyllum) SEBAGAI PENGGANTI Bahan Bakar Minyak FOSIL

suyono, Suyono and hartanti, Ninik umi and Narto, Narto BIODISEL MANGROVE JENIS NYAMPLUNG (Callophylum inophyllum) SEBAGAI PENGGANTI Bahan Bakar Minyak FOSIL. Biosfera. ISSN 2528-2050

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Abstract

Resources of fossil fuel continue to decrease and cannot be renewed so that replacement alternative is needed... Biofuels (biodiesel) become one of the alternatives because it can be renewed and environmentally friendly. First-generation biodiesel from food sources and second generation of food waste can disrupt the availability of food. Those are inefficient because it requires extensive land for its pro ider. Seed of nyamplung (Callophylum inophyllum) is ery potential as biodiesel raw material because of its oil content 40-70% is high compared to other types of plants, such as jatropha range of 40-60% and palm of 46- 54%, rm· materials saving and having twice of fuel as much as kerosene. The general purpose of this research is to produce third generation biodiesel from nyamplung as material to overcome fossil fuel crisis especially for fishermen and farmers in coastal area of Brebes l Regency and surrounding areas. To be able to achie e the goal I general target is done by assessing oil content in nyamplung seed, biodiesel synthesis, intensi e culture techniques and mod.els of de clopment of mass culture. The biodiesel yield produced from nyamplung seed oil in this study was 82.87%, in the range of biodiesel yields of previous researchers through a single stage transesterification of 79.03-91 00%. Cetana number and alkyl ester figures in the resulting biodiesel respectively 79.5 and. 99. 71 % have met the Indonesian National Standard (SNI). The resulting density was 893.1 kg I m3 fog point , ·as 20°C and total glycerol was 0.26%, v ·as approaching the SNI by an insignificant difference, while the acid number generated was 1.86 mg KOH/gr of biodiesel and the biodiesel viscosity was 15.. 7 mm2 /s has not fulfilled the SNI significantly. To impro e the number of acids and -iscosity is still needed refinement biodiesel synthesis process through the di ersification of the number of esterification stages, alternative types and catalytic le els or optimization of transesterification reaction temperature.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan > Budidaya Perairan
Depositing User: Dr Suyono suyono
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2019 13:55
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2020 22:20
URI: http://repository.upstegal.ac.id/id/eprint/79

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